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For Women Playwrights, Did 50-50 in 2020 Fail?

Kilroys

KilroysWe give The Kilroys credit. They announced their existence, got a feature in the New York Times, and suddenly on social media and at theatrical water coolers and lodged within the heads of artistic directors of theatre companies from sea to shining sea people are talking up the 46 Kilroys-recommended plays by women that are good — like, very good — like, very good and very ready for production by the very theatres which, we assume, perpetuate gender inequality in the American theatre.

Statistics on new-play production by women, of course, are all over the place: easily assailed, easily criticized, notoriously difficult to divine in the first place. If, for example, your standard is to measure new-play production by women on Broadway, implicit is the idea that Broadway is the epicenter of the American theatre, and unless you’re purely all about commercial production, only the intelligence-deprived would know that’s simply untrue. If your standard is to measure new-play production by women at the hundreds of nonprofit theatres across the U.S., do you count only those that are members of the national service organization Theatre Communications Group? Do you count only playwrights with agents? Should playwrights whose plays have been produced by major nonprofit regional theatres more than once somehow count more toward redressing gender parity than “early-career” playwrights receiving their first production?

Still, it remains indisputable that new plays by men are produced more often than new plays by women. So The Kilroys basically said to hell with it. The Los Angeles-based group (Zakiyyah Alexander, Bekah Brunstetter, Sheila Callaghan, Carla Ching, Annah Feinberg, Sarah Gubbins, Laura Jacqmin, Joy Meads, Kelly Miller, Meg Miroshnik, Daria Polatin, Tanya Saracho and Marisa Wegrzyn) created a daunting list of new plays by women as “nominees,” then a selection process to winnow things down to the 46 Kilroys-recommended plays. Their list of eligible voters included artistic directors and literary managers and people they deemed Important to Include.

We believe true arts journalism means asking legitimate questions. Not to be killjoys about The Kilroys, but we wonder if their idea wouldn’t benefit from critical analysis. Which brings us to 50-50 in 2020. Remember that? We sure do.

We thought the point of 50-50 in 2020 for women playwrights was to force the industry into a tacit affirmative action plan. (50-50 in 2020 meant 50 percent of new plays produced would be by women by the year 2020.) We thought it was born of that boiling ’00s moment in which Emily Glassberg Sands made public her research on gender inequality on new-play production, fitting neatly with the larger national conversation about gender parity in American life, especially in business.

The high-powered League of Professional Theatre Women was all over this, and we had questions for them as well. Our first one was simple: Is it all right to question, if not the goal of such efforts, their feasibility?

We’re six years away from 2020 now, and here come The Kilroys from, it seems, the same place of demanding meaningful redress to gender inequality on the American stage, through a different shock-and-awe assault.

Actually, we’re ahead of ourselves. We noticed the branding of The Kilroys on its website:

We Make Trouble. And Plays.

And this, on The Kilroys’ About Us page:

The Kilroys are a gang of playwrights and producers in LA who are done talking about gender parity and are ready to act. We are mobilizing others in our field and leveraging our own power to support one another.

Does this mean 50-50 in 2020 failed? If we’re done “talking about gender parity,” was 50-50 in 2020 just talk?

To Zakiyyah Alexander, Bekah Brunstetter, Sheila Callaghan, Carla Ching, Annah Feinberg, Sarah Gubbins, Laura Jacqmin, Joy Meads, Kelly Miller, Meg Miroshnik, Daria Polatin, Tanya Saracho and Marisa Wegrzyn we ask this: May we ask you some questions? Warning: we suspect you won’t like them. We fear you will whip out accusations of misogyny or patriarchy-laced condescension or some other defensive device in response, as if to de-legitimize what we know are legitimate questions. We hope we’re wrong. Here goes:

1) Many women playwrights across the U.S. already feel alienated and marginalized by the industry — not only because their chances of being produced are miniscule but because they don’t live, for example, in New York or Los Angeles or Chicago, or didn’t attend one of the four or six graduate schools which we all know aspiring American playwrights must attend to be viewed as legitimate by most of the industry’s power-brokers. (Do you dispute there’s a graduate school mafia in the American theatre?) By creating a major master list of new plays by women, then a process to fashion and promote 46 Kilroys-recommended new plays by women, aren’t you doubly de-legitimizing huge swaths of your own constituency?

2) Why will no contemporary women playwright stand up and name a name of an artistic director they believe is actively discriminating? We understand the easy answer: all playwrights have investments in not alienating the artistic directors who they want to produce their plays. At the same time, wouldn’t the definition of courage be to stand up not merely for your own interests but for the interests of women playwrights as a whole?

3) This question picks up on your answer to Question 2, for we read what Joy Meads told Howlround.com:

…the reason is not because we’ve got shadowy smoke-filled rooms full of avowed misogynists who are harboring conscious enmity towards women. That’s not what’s happening. That was what was happening in the past, way back when, but not now. I think what’s happening is that we have a lot of systemic, institutional and unconscious bias. All of these reasons that have converged to make it feel quote unquote riskier for one reason or another for a theater to produce a play by a woman. With unconscious bias, the way our minds work, our expectations and assumptions are shaped by our experiences, and that’s just something going in. So when you’ve had a lifetime of reading and seeing quote unquote successful plays that come from a male perspective and are male-centered, that influences the way you perceive what will be successful, unless you are very conscious about identifying and being aware of that bias. I think that’s one thing. I think everyone wants to produce equitably. No one wants to consciously prop up men and keep women down, but I think there are all of these forces that we haven’t yet been able to talk about because the conversation has been stuck in this loop of “oh, the plays aren’t there,” which they are.

How do you define “systemic, institutional and unconscious bias”? Like, exactly, how does it manifest? Why do you think no one in the decision room at any point, be it a literary manager or an artistic director or a member of a board, is capable to saying “Hey, wait a minute!”? Is it that unconscious? How do you know? How do you prove it? How does creating a list of 46 Kilroys-recommended new plays by women — that is, to the exclusion of many other new plays by women and making value judgements about all their work — get us talking of “forces that we haven’t yet been able to talk about”? Aren’t you perpetuating a system of winners and losers? If there was a woman playwright out there who felt The Kilroys represented something cliquish, clubby, exclusionary and elitist, how would you demolish her case?

4) Speaking of winners and losers, do all playwrights on your recommended list have agents? Is that fair? What of women playwrights who feel it isn’t fair, who sense institutional bias against them by agents in the first place?

5) What if someone produces one of the 46 plays tomorrow and people think it sucks?

6) As an advocacy organization, what will you do about gender inequality in other aspects of American life?

7) For women playwrights, did 50-50 in 2020 fail?


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  1. ZZ06-24-2014

    A quick look at the list reveals one playwright on the 46 list without an agent. I, too, am disappointed that the list is so dominated by playwrights with major agents who have already been promoting these works, many of which may have only one production (in the past or lined up) but it’s a big one. However, Gabrielle Reisman should get credit for making the list without an agent.

    • DavidDavid06-24-2014

      who are the playwrights without agents we should know. If there are brilliant women playwrights we ned to know them. WHO ARE THEY? I’m sure agents would like to get this information as well!!!!

      • Leonard JacobsLeonard Jacobs06-24-2014

        Seems to me that they should come forward and say “me!”

      • Ian ThalIan Thal06-24-2014

        Isn’t that part of the problem, a group of insiders basically recommending a fairly successful cohort that they already know rather than examining the very way that they contribute to the insider/outsider distinction?

        • DavidDavid06-24-2014

          Don’t insiders sometimes know great writers, because their business is knowing and learning about new writing and playwrights? What other way is there to cull this information? Should we ask people on the street? You yourself in a comment above talked about all the great female playwrights that weren’t on the list and then listed three people from Germany. Insiders are not just a cadre of cackling cliquish people looking for ways to exclude — they are sometimes people who get invested and involved in what they love, and then find people whose work aligns with that passion… that doesn’t seem weird or wrong to me. I think the issue that people are having with the Kilroys is that the New York Times picked it up — it garnered a lot of attention from a powerful institution and people all want to have that power and attention for themselves. If the Kilroys had not garnered that attention no one would really give a shit, or maybe a select few, but we wouldn’t be hearing all the carping and sour grapes.

          • Ian ThalIan Thal06-24-2014

            Except that almost everyone that these insiders picked were themselves insiders. All but one already has an agent and a publisher, and many of them are frequently praised on popular theater-related websites.

            Point being, that this wasn’t a “46 plays by writers that you likely haven’t heard of.” This was a list of “46 plays that likely have heard of, that we’re committed to producing, or have already produced, many of which are written by the playwrights who are members of the group that asked us to recommend these plays.”

            That’s fairly blatant example of “insiderism” isn’t it?

  2. Amirite?Amirite?06-24-2014

    I think the entirety of my response to this post can be summarized thusly:

    http://www.manfeels-park.com/comic/lake-scene/

  3. F HandkeF Handke06-25-2014

    Most writers on this list have had either one or two productions already. This is not about ‘discovering’ female writers. It’s about giving working female playwrights a bigger platform. If you are not yet working-by that I mean, writing consistently, working on your plays consistently in big or small ways, moving your vision forward in whatever capacity you can-then, no, I don’t think it’s possible that the artistic directors, literary managers, directors and readers who were contacted know who you are YET. What is incredible is that these artists on this list who have one or two productions under their belts and who have all been working at this for ten years and over are also outsiders-unable to get a foothold into a place where they are consistently produced.